Diabetes Agent > Diabetes Tools


What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body digests and uses food. It means that your blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high.

What does that mean? Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose, the kind of sugar that circulates in our blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for our bodies. Like a car needs gasoline, we need some of it to be in our blood, so we don’t run out of fuel during our daily activities, but too much can be a very bad thing.

When we eat, glucose passes into our bloodstream, to be used by every cell in our bodies for growth and energy. For glucose to get into our cells, we gotta have some insulin hanging around. What’s insulin, you say? Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, a large gland that sits behind your stomach.

When people eat, the pancreas is supposed to release the right amount of insulin to break our food into glucose and move the glucose into all of the cells of the body. But, in people with diabetes, the pancreas either doesn’t make enough insulin, or the cells don’t respond to the insulin that is made. When either of these things happens, glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the kidneys, and passes out of the body in the urine. The body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.

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