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Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Although Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are very different diseases, they share many of the same symptoms.

The classic symptoms are: extreme thirst, frequent urination, extreme weight loss and fatigue. These can come on quite quickly in a type 1 diabetic, but can develop slowly in a type 2.

The thirst and urination are obviously tied together – this is your body’s attempt to get rid of the excess glucose. If glucose levels are high enough, the glucose will begin to “spill” into your urine. This can result in your urine leaving a “sticky” residue (more likely to be noticed if you are a man, for obvious reasons.) The weight loss and fatigue are similarly tied together. As your systems for processing glucose break down, your body has increasing difficulty getting the food energy it needs, and will resort to breaking down itself for energy.

Constant hunger. As stated above, if you are an undiagnosed diabetic your body’s cells are probably starving for nutrition and signaling that they need food, even if you’ve just eaten. As a type 2, you’re probably producing an excess amount of insulin, which is triggering hunger symptoms.

Itchy skin, especially after high intake of carbohydrates. I literally felt itchy everywhere after drinking Gatorade, prior to diagnosis. It got to the point where I thought I was allergic to it. Turns out it was just the high level of high fructose corn syrup that it contains.

Flushing/sweating after eating. This is a common reaction to high blood glucose level spikes that follow eating a meal.

 

Diabetic ketoacidosis – this is a potentially fatal situation resulting from the body breaking down fat/muscle. More common in Type 1′s it can occur in type 2′s as well. Symptoms include abdominal pain and rapid, shallow breathing. Immediate treatment at a hospital is required.

Other symptoms are actually signs that complications may have developed:

– Wounds that are slow to heal. High glucose levels impedes the body’s repair mechanisms.

– Infections. These are common in undiagnosed/uncontrolled diabetics. The high glucose levels create ideal conditions for opportunistic infections on/under the skin and throughout the body. Boils and carbuncles are common. Respiratory infections (bronchitis, pneumonia) can be persistent and take longer to clear up. For women, yeast infections can be a chronic problem.

– Blurry vision. Diabetes affects the small blood vessels in the body first. Your eyes have many very small blood vessels.

– Foot Pain. More properly called diabetic neuropathy. The blood vessels in your feet/toes are small and the furthest from your heart, so they frequently show signs of damage first. Ultimately, this can lead to amputations as the blood vessels and tissues in the feet and legs become damaged and begin to die. Neuropathy can feel like pins and needles in your feet or numbness in the toes/feet.

– Erectile dysfunction. Damage to small blood vessels can also affect the nerves which control sexual function and erectile dysfunction is fairly common in men.

Of course, the gold standard for whether you have diabetes is your blood glucose levels as determined using a blood glucose meter or having an A1c test done at a laboratory. Fasting levels above 126, post meal levels of greater than 180 or an A1c test above 6% are some common guidelines for a diagnosis of diabetes.

If you suspect you might be diabetic, schedule an appointment with your doctor and specify that you would like to have an A1c test performed as well as having your fasting blood glucose checked. If you have experienced any of the symptoms above, make sure you discuss them with your doctor. There may be many reasons/causes for these symptoms (frequent urination might be caused by taking a diuretic for high blood pressure, for instance) but it’s better to be safe and mention everything, even if you think you know what’s causing it.

Source: http://www.t2faq.com/type-2-diabetes/symptoms/type-2-diabetes-symptoms.html »

 

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