Diabetes Agent > Diabetes Tools


Drug Types Info Sheet

What do my drugs do for me?

Drug type


Oral diabetes medications, insulin, and other injectibles Drugs in this group help to control your blood sugar levels.  They help to lower your blood sugar when it is too high.  Letting your blood sugar stay too high can lead to several problems including heart disease, loss of vision, problems with your feet leading to amputation, impotence, and kidney disease requiring dialysis.
Blood pressure: Drugs in this group help you to control your blood pressure and protect your kidneys.  Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure or kidney failure. This is why high blood pressure is often called the “silent killer.” The only way to tell if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked.
Cholesterol:  Drugs in this group help to lower your cholesterol.  If the cholesterol in your blood is too high, it can raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.  Buildup of cholesterol (called plaque) in your arteries will cause your arteries to narrow and harden (called atherosclerosis). Large deposits of cholesterol can completely block an artery.  If an artery that supplies blood to the muscles in your heart becomes blocked, a heart attack can occur. If an artery that supplies blood to your brain becomes blocked, a stroke can occur.
Thyroid Drugs in this group help regulate your thyroid gland.  Some people have lower-than-normal or no thyroid function and do not make enough thyroid hormone for the body to function properly. When your thyroid is not working properly, you can feel very tired.  Taking thyroid hormone medication replaces missing hormones.
Antidepressants Drugs in this group help to improve your mood.  Depression is a disease that can be successfully treated. Depression medications help to balance the chemicals in your brain called neurotransmitters, which are involved in regulating mood.  It’s important to know that it could take as many as 6 to 8 weeks for the medicine to work.It is important to give the medication a chance to work and to take it exactly as directed by your health care professional.


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